# Williams %R indicator – Definition and how to use it

## Williams %R Oscillator

Williams %R is an oscillator type mainly looking for overbought and oversold points of the market.

The analysis and usage of Williams %R are actually similar to the Stochastic indicator if you have learned.

However, this indicator will be different from Stochastic in the calculation formula, so their graphs and signals will be different.

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## Williams %R Formula

W_R = [[HIGH (n) – CLOSE] / [HIGH (n) – LOW (n)]]

Inside:

• n is the customizable number of sessions for the Williams %R formula. By default, n is always 14.
• HIGH (n) is the price of the highest peak during the previous n sessions.
• LOW (n) is the price of the lowest bottom during the previous n sessions.
• CLOSE is the closing price of the calculated session.

## How to use the Williams %R

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### Three oscillating regions capture the signal

The Williams %R indicator moves in the negative zone from 0 to -100, in contrast to Stochastic. It uses the relationship between the highest peak and the current price during fixed sessions to determine overbought and overbought levels. The Williams %R line moves in the following 3 regions:

• From -100 to -80, prices will show signs of a reversal to increase, this is called the oversold zone. You need to buy it now when the time is right.
• From about -80 to -20, the price does not change, this area is called the stable area. Traders cannot predict the price’s path.
• From about -20 to 0, this is an overbought area, the price will reverse to decline. You need to find a reasonable selling time before price reverses.

## What is the difference between the Williams %R indicator and the Stochastic indicator?

The two indicators are almost opposite in the analysis if you only look at the formula.

### Williams %R

First, the Williams %R indicator ranges from -100 to 0 and represents the correlation between market closing prices and the Resistance.

### Stochastic

Stochastic is moving in the range from 0 to 100, showing the relationship between the market closing price and the Support.