Four Basic Charts in Trading: Japanese candlesticks, Heiken Ashi, Area Chart, Bars

Four basic charts in Trading Technical Analysis
Four basic charts in Trading Technical Analysis

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The four basic charts in technical analysis are the Japanese Candlesticks Chart, Heiken Ashi chart, Area chart, and Bar chart. Each chart type gives you a different view of the market. Combining multiple charts at the same time can give you an overview of the market.

Four basic charts in Trading Technical Analysis
Four basic charts in Trading Technical Analysis

Japanese Candlesticks Chart

Overview

The Japanese candlesticks chart is a commonly used chart in technical analysis. A candlestick is a collection of sets including Opening Price, Closing Price, Peak, Bottom. Each part of a candlestick can be used for different indicators to help you achieve efficiency in technical analysis.

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Features of the Japanese Candlesticks chart

  • Opening Price of a candle is created by the price of the end of the previous candle.
  • Closing Price is the price at the end of the time of a session.
  • The oscillation of candles during the trading session will create a peak and a trough, which always contain the opening and closing price.
  • Thus, a session will have 4 points of note: Opening price (starting point), Closing price (ending point), peak price, and bottom price.
  • The opening and the closing create a candle, the top and the bottom will create thin columns. Typically, peaks and troughs will be used in indicators more than opening and closing points.
  • If the ending point is lower than the starting point, then the candle is red. On the contrary, when the ending point is higher than the starting point, the green candle contest. Red signals a decrease, while green signals an increase after the expiry of the session.
Japanese Candlesticks Chart in Market Trading Technical Analysis
Japanese Candlesticks Chart in Market Trading Technical Analysis

It can be said that the Japanese candlesticks chart shows the relationship between the opening and closing prices, which make up a candle. The advantage of it is that you can easily recognize the tunnel created by the top and bottom, making it easier to see graph waves.

Heiken Ashi candlesticks chart

Overview

The Heiken Ashi chart is also a candlesticks chart, but it is modified to turn into a trend representation chart. That is, instead of using the opening and closing prices, the Heiken Ashi chart has simulated the opening and closing prices based on the average formula. Only the top and bottom prices are retained.

Features of Heiken Ashi Candlesticks chart

  • The starting point of the Heiken Ashi candle is calculated by the formula: (Opening price of previous candle + Closing price of previous candle) / 2.
  • Heiken Ashi candle end is calculated by the formula: (Current opening price + Current closing price + Peak price + Bottom price) / 4.
  • The top and bottom of the Heiken Ashi candle will be equal to the Peak and Bottom of the Japanese candle.
  • The starting point and the ending point will create a candle, the top and the bottom will create thin columns like a thread.
  • If the ending point is lower than the starting point, then the candle is red. On the contrary, state the ending point is higher than the starting point of the green candle contest. Red signals a decrease, while green signals an increase after the expiry of the session.
Heiken Ashi candle chart in Trading Technical Analysis
Heiken Ashi candle chart in Trading Technical Analysis

Thus, the Heiken Ashi candle fluctuates relatively slightly because the average is used to ignore small fluctuations. When you look at the chart created by the Heiken Ashi candle, you will get a better look at the price trend.

Area chart

This chart uses a straight line that connects the closing price of every session. Form a connecting line, fluctuating up and down with a clear slope.

Area chart, the basic line chart Market Trading Technical Analysis
Area chart, the basic line chart Market Trading Technical Analysis

This form is only for those who love simplicity, need not be too complicated. A good example is the use of the Bollinger Bands indicator to pick up signals when prices move sideways. A flat price will create horizontal lines that will cause the Bollinger Bands to shrink, which will generate corresponding resistance and support. Then, just a divergence signal, a breakout of a resistance/support line will make the entry appear.

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Bar chart

Its properties are identical to the Japanese Candlestick chart which differs in appearance only. The Bar chart is full of closing prices, opening prices, peaks, and bottoms. The only difference is that instead of a candle-like shape, it is shaped like a tube connected together.

Bars Chart in Trading Technical Analysis
Bars Chart in Trading Technical Analysis

Very few users use this chart simply because using the Japanese Candlestick chart is enough.

Conclude

The Japanese Candlestick chart and the Bar chart are essentially the same, and can be used for both short and long term trading.

The Heiken Ashi candlestick chart and the Area chart should be used for long-term transactions.

However, your most important thing is to familiarize yourself with your best comfortable trading way, mastering your strategies and emotions when trading. Choosing charts is only a tool to support your judgment, practicing to improve your trading skills to a high level is the most important method.

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Four Basic Charts in Trading: Japanese candlesticks, Heiken Ashi, Area Chart, Bars
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